What Does Title Insurance Cover

Jan 1, 2024

Title insurance is a crucial element in the homebuying process, designed to protect property owners and mortgage lenders from financial losses resulting from defects in a property’s title. When purchasing a property, most buyers require a clear and undisputed title to ensure they become the rightful owners of the asset. However, title issues such as liens, easements, or claims by third parties can emerge, which might jeopardize the buyer’s ownership rights. Title insurance serves as a safeguard against such potential pitfalls and enables buyers to have peace of mind throughout the transaction.

What Does Title Insurance Cover? A Comprehensive Guide

Title insurance comes in two forms: one for the owner and one for the lender. The owner’s title insurance covers the buyer against any losses from issues with the title. On the other hand, the lender’s title insurance guards the mortgage lender from losses due to title claims. It’s important to know what title insurance covers to protect yourself from title problems.

Title insurance helps with issues like fraud, unknown heirs, undisclosed easements, and recording mistakes. But it doesn’t cover things that could happen in the future, like boundary disputes or legal issues that haven’t happened yet. Knowing about title insurance is key to keeping your real estate investment safe.

Fundamental Aspects of Title Insurance

Title insurance is a specialized form of insurance policy that protects property owners and lenders against potential risks and losses associated with defects in a property’s title. This section will delve into the key aspects of title insurance, focusing on policy coverage.

Policy Coverage

Title insurance policies primarily provide coverage against two types of risks: known risks and unknown risks.

  • Known risks: These are the issues that are discovered during the title search and examination process, such as existing liens, judgments, or property ownership disputes. Title insurers usually insist on resolving these issues or have them excluded from the coverage before issuing the policy.

  • Unknown risks: These are the hidden or undiscovered issues that may arise after the closing of a real estate transaction. Examples of these risks include forgery, mistakes in public records, undisclosed heirs, and fraudulent documents. Title insurance policies are designed to protect policyholders from financial losses arising from these unknown risks.

A typical title insurance policy covers the following:

  1. Defects in the title: This includes legal issues such as undisclosed easements, boundary disputes, and fraudulently executed or recorded documents.
  2. Liens: Title insurance protects against various types of liens, including tax liens, property tax liens, and mechanics’ liens.
  3. Errors in public records: Clerical mistakes, incorrect information, or other discrepancies in property records can lead to issues with the title. Title insurance offers protection against losses resulting from such errors.
  4. Forgery and fraud: The policy covers any losses arising from fraudulent signatures or forged documents associated with the property title.
  5. Undisclosed heirs: In cases where a property owner dies without a will, unknown heirs may claim rights to the property. Title insurance protects against potential losses resulting from such claims.

It is important to note that title insurance does not provide coverage for some specific risks, such as defects or liens that arise after the policy’s effective date, government actions affecting the property, or issues related to the property’s use that do not involve the title.

Understanding Valid Claims

Owner’s Policy Claims

Title insurance covers owners against various issues that might affect their ownership rights. Valid claims might arise from:

  • Liens: Unpaid debts, such as mortgages or taxes, might result in liens being placed on the property. Title insurance protects the owner from these financial responsibilities.
  • Forgery and fraud: If previous deeds or transfer documents were forged or fraudulent, title insurance covers the policyholder against any losses arising from such situations.
  • Property disputes: When boundary disputes or ownership conflicts arise, title insurance provides legal assistance and covers any resulting financial losses.
  • Easements and encroachments: If unknown or undisclosed easements impact the property value, the owner’s policy provides protection against financial losses. Similarly, encroachment issues are also covered.

Lender’s Policy Claims

Lenders usually require a title insurance policy to safeguard their interests in the property. Valid claims covered by a lender’s policy include:

  • Liens: When securing a mortgage, a lender wants to ensure that no liens exist on the property that might hinder repayment. Title insurance guarantees the lender’s interests.
  • Invalid title transfer: If a previous title transfer was invalid due to legal issues, a lender’s policy covers the lender’s potential losses arising from this situation.
  • Forgery and fraud: Similar to an owner’s policy, a lender’s policy also provides protection against claims resulting from forgery or fraud in the title document history.
  • Defective title: If the title is found to be defective after the property is financed, the lender’s policy covers the mortgage amount against losses incurred due to such defects.

Both owner’s and lender’s policies aim to protect the policyholders from financial losses due to unforeseen title problems. Understanding the scope of valid claims helps property owners and lenders make informed decisions when purchasing title insurance.

Boundary Title Is Here For You

Title insurance is important for anyone buying a home or lending money for a mortgage. It protects against legal problems with the property’s title that existed before the purchase. Owner’s title insurance covers the new homeowner, while lender’s title insurance protects the lender. Boundary Title offers these insurance policies to make sure both the homeowner and lender are safe from unexpected title issues. If you’re buying a home or involved in real estate, reach out to Boundary Title for protection against these risks.

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